Learn How to Crochet - Holding the Yarn and Hook
There are no hard and fast rules about the best way to hold the hook and yarn. Choose whichever way you find the most comfortable. Some people prefer the "pencil grip". The hook is held in the right hand as if holding a pencil.
Learn How to Crochet - Foundation Chain
Almost all crochet begins with a base or foundation chain, which is a series of chain stitches beginning with a slip knot.
Learn how to Crochet - Slip Stitch
This is the shortest of all crochet stitches. Unlike other stitches, slip stitches are not usually used on their own to produce a fabric. The slip stitch is used for joining, shaping and, where necessary, to move the yarn to another part of the fabric for the next stage.
Learn How to Crochet - Single Crochet
Insert the hook into the work (second chain from hook on the starting chain), * yarn over and draw yarn through the work only.
Learn how to Crochet - Half Double Crochet
Yarn over and insert the hook into the work (third chain from hook on the starting chain).
Learn How to Crochet - Double Crochet
Yarn over and insert the hook into the work (fourth chain from hook on starting chain).
Learn to Crochet - Triple Crochet
Yarn over twice, insert the hook into the work (fifth chain from hook on the starting chain).
Learn How to Crochet - Longer Basic Stitches
Double treble (dtr), triple treble (ttr) and quadruple treble (qte), etc., are made by wrapping the yarn over three, four or five times, etc. at the beginning and finishing as for a treble crochet, pulling yarn through two loops on the hook at a time until two loops remain on hook, and then pulling yarn through remaining two loops.
Learn How to Crochet - Making Crochet Fabric
To make a flat crocheted fabric worked in rows, you must begin with a starting chain. The length of the starting chain is the number of stitches needed for the first row of fabric plus the number of chains needed to get to the correct height of the first stitch used in the first row.
Learn to Crochet - Crochet Increases
To increase the width of a basic crochet fabric, 2 or more stitches have to be worked into 1 stitch at the point specified in the project instructions.
Learn to Crochet - Crochet Decreases
To decrease the width of a basic fabric, 2 or more stitches have to be worked together, by leaving the last loop of each stitch on the hook then working them off together. Single crochet, half double crochet, and longer stitches can all be decreased in this way, called sc2tog, hdc2tog, etc.
Learn to Crochet - Fasten Off
To fasten off the yarn permanently, cut the yarn leaving an 8" end (longer if you need to sew pieces together). Pull the end of the yarn through the loop on the hook and pull gently to tighten.
Learn to Crochet - Joining in New Yarn
When joining in new yarn or changing color, continue in the working yarn until two loops of the last stitch remain in the working yarn or color.
Learn to Crochet - Stitch Variations
Most crochet stitch patterns, no matter how complex they seem, are made using combinations of basic stitches. Different effects can be created by small variations in the stitch making procedure or by varying the position and manner of inserting the hook into the fabric.
Learn to Crochet - Working in Rounds
Most motifs are not worked in rows but are worked in rounds from the center out. Unless otherwise stated in the pattern instructions, do not turn the work between rounds but continue with the same side facing and treat this as the right side of the fabric. The center ring is usually formed by a number of chains joined together with a slip stitch to form a ring.
Learn to Crochet - Crochet Diagrams
Diagrams are read exactly as the crochet is worked. Each stitch is represented by a symbol that has been drawn to resemble its crocheted equivalent. The position of the symbol shows where the stitch should be placed and worked.
Learn to Crochet - Finishing
Finishing methods for crochet depend largely on the end purpose of the crochet (pillow, afghan, garment) and the yarn you use to create the piece.
Learn How to Crochet - Working in Front or Back Loops
The project instructions will specify if you are to work into the front or back loop of the stitch in the row below. Unless otherwise stated, always work under two strands of the top of the stitch in the row below.
Learn to Crochet - Reading a Crochet Pattern
In order to follow crochet instructions, you should know how to make the basic stitches and be familiar with basic procedures for making crochet fabric. You should also be familiar with the abbreviations for basic crochet stitches.
Learn How to Crochet - Turning Chains
When turning a row, the first chain (turning chain) helps transition the row to the height of the first stitch of the new row. The height of the first chain (turning chain) must match the height of the first stitch, and the number of chains depends on the first stitch after the chain.