Learn How to Knit - Slip Knot
A slip knit is the starting point of everything you do in knitting and is the basis for the cast on.
Learn to Knit - Abbreviations
These are standard abbreviations that may appear in patterns on redheart.com. Any abbreviations specific to a pattern will be given at the beginning of the pattern.
Learn to Knit - Assembly
When assembling finished project pieces, use a large-eye, blunt-tip yarn needle and the same yarn you have used for knitting the project to sew the seams. If the yarn is very bulky or textured, use a finer, smooth yarn in a matching color for sewing. The Mattress Stitch is perfect for joining seams. The Kitchener Stitch (grafting) is used to join the toe of a sock to avoid a seam
Learn to Knit - Backwards Loop Cast On
This is the easiest way to cast on, but the resulting edge might not be suitable for all projects.
Learn to Knit - Bind Off
When your knitted piece is finished, binding off closes the stitches so that they do not unravel when taken off the needles.
Learn to Knit - Cable 4 Back
This basic cable usually consists of a certain number of stitches in stockinette stitch against a reverse stockinette stitch background. A Cable 4 Back twists to the right.
Learn to Knit - Cable 4 Front
On a right side row, work to the position of the cable panel and slip the next 2 stitches to the cable needle. Hold the stitches on the cable needle at the front of the work. Knit the next 2 stitches from left-hand needle.
Learn to Knit - Cables
Whether simple or complex, cable patterns add depth and texture to your knitting, and they are not hard to learn. Use a cable needle to cross one group of stitches over the front another, or move them across the background fabric. The pattern will provide details on where to place and and how to cross the cables. The Cable 4 instructions following are an example.
Learn to Knit - Cast On
Broken down in very simple terms, knitting is just a matter of transferring loops from one needle to another. To get started, you'll need to put loops on one needle, and that process of creating loops is called casting on.
Learn to Knit - Dropped Stitches
A dropped stitch need not be devastating—it's an easy problem to fix if you catch it within a few rows of the drop. If you don't see it until several inches have been worked, there will not be enough yarn around the dropped stitches to fix the problem, and the best solution is to unravel the knitting back to the dropped stitch and reknit these rows.
Learn to Knit - Eyelet Increase or Yarn Overs
An extra stitch can also be formed by making a loop wrapped around the right needle between two stitches which is then knitted or purled on subsequent rows. This wrap forms a small hole that is used as a decorative touch, a small buttonhole and in knitted lace.
Learn to Knit - Finishing
The importance of proper finishing should never be overlooked. The time and care it takes to knit a garment or blanket will be wasted if necklines are sloppy or if blocking isn't done when the piece needs it; and good finishing is the difference between "homemade" and "hand-made."
Learn to Knit - Gauge
Gauge is the number of stitches (and spaces) per inch and the number of rows (or rounds) per inch. In many patterns, gauge is specified over 4".
Learn to Knit - Increasing 1 Stitch
On a knit row, work into the front and back of the next stitch: knit into the stitch and before slipping it off the left needle, twist the right needle behind the left and knit the same stitch again through the back loop. Slide the original stitch off the left needle—there are now 2 stitches on the right needle made from the original one.
Learn to Knit - Joining New Yarn
To prevent unsightly knots, join new yarn at the beginning of a row wherever possible. To make a perfect join at the end of a row, simply drop the old yarn, tie the new yarn around it and start the next row with the new yarn (see illustration). Untie the knot and securely weave in the yarn ends at finishing. If it is impossible to avoid joining new yarn in the middle of a row, try one of these methods.
Learn to Knit - Kitchener Stitch
Kitchener stitch invisibly grafts two pieces of knitting together through the live working stitches. This technique is frequently used to close the toe of socks or the tips of mittens.
Learn to Knit - Knit 2 Together
Insert right-hand needle into 2 stitches on left-hand needle, following direction of arrow. Knit these 2 stitches together as 1 to decrease 1 stitch. When a pattern tells you to decrease without specifying the type of decrease, use K2tog.