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Learn How to Knit - Slip Knot
A slip knit is the starting point of everything you do in knitting and is the basis for the cast on.
Learn to Knit - Cast On
Broken down in very simple terms, knitting is just a matter of transferring loops from one needle to another. To get started, you'll need to put loops on one needle, and that process of creating loops is called casting on.
Learn to Knit - Backwards Loop Cast On
This is the easiest way to cast on, but the resulting edge might not be suitable for all projects.
Learn to Knit - Purl Stitch
When all the stitches on the left-hand needle have been transferred to the right-hand needle, turn the work and place the needle with the stitches on it to the left hand to start the next row.
Learn to Knit - Stockinette Stitch
In stockinette stitch, the knit rows are the right side of the work and each stitch resembles a "V". In reverse stockinette stitch, the purl rows are the right side of the work.
Learn to Knit - Slip Stitch
It is often necessary to slip (sl) a stitch from one needle to the other without actually knitting or purling it. This method is often used in shaping or within a stitch pattern. The pattern will specify whether to slip the stitch knitwise (as if to knit) or purlwise (as if to purl). The working yarn should be held behind the work in both cases unless the pattern specifies otherwise.
Learn to Knit - Ribbing
Ribbing forms a stretchy band and is usually found at the bottoms of sweaters, sleeves, neckbands, hat brims and mitten cuffs, and at the tops of socks. When worked as an edging, ribbing is generally worked with smaller needles than the main body of the garment to keep the edges firm and elastic.
Learn to Knit - Knit Decreases
Decreasing stitches makes your knitted piece narrower. Decreases are used for sleeve caps, neckline shaping, shaping the crown of a hat, etc., and are paired with yarn over increases in lace knitting.
Learn to Knit - Knit 2 Together
Insert right-hand needle into 2 stitches on left-hand needle, following direction of arrow. Knit these 2 stitches together as 1 to decrease 1 stitch. When a pattern tells you to decrease without specifying the type of decrease, use K2tog.
Learn to Knit - Slip, Slip, Knit
Slip the next two stitches from the left-hand needle onto the right-hand needle as if to knit. Place them back on the left-hand needle without twisting them. Knit these 2 stitches together through the back of the stitches. SSKs are used when a left-slanting decrease is desired, such as decreases on socks, raglan shaping and lace patterns.
Learn to Knit - Knit Increases
There are several ways to increase, and each method adds extra stitches to the row unless they are paired with compensating decreases. Increasing is used whenever a knitted piece needs to be wider, such as sleeve shaping. Unless the pattern specifies otherwise, knit into the front and back of a stitch to increase, as both Make 1 Stitch and Yarn Over methods of increasing can leave small holes in the work.
Learn to Knit - Increasing 1 Stitch
On a knit row, work into the front and back of the next stitch: knit into the stitch and before slipping it off the left needle, twist the right needle behind the left and knit the same stitch again through the back loop. Slide the original stitch off the left needle—there are now 2 stitches on the right needle made from the original one.
Learn to Knit - Make 1 Stitch
Another form of increasing is to work into the strand between two stitches.
Learn to Knit - Eyelet Increase or Yarn Overs
An extra stitch can also be formed by making a loop wrapped around the right needle between two stitches which is then knitted or purled on subsequent rows. This wrap forms a small hole that is used as a decorative touch, a small buttonhole and in knitted lace.
Learn to Knit - Bind Off
When your knitted piece is finished, binding off closes the stitches so that they do not unravel when taken off the needles.
Learn to Knit - Cables
Whether simple or complex, cable patterns add depth and texture to your knitting, and they are not hard to learn. Use a cable needle to cross one group of stitches over the front another, or move them across the background fabric. The pattern will provide details on where to place and and how to cross the cables. The Cable 4 instructions following are an example.
Learn to Knit - Cable 4 Back
This basic cable usually consists of a certain number of stitches in stockinette stitch against a reverse stockinette stitch background. A Cable 4 Back twists to the right.
Learn to Knit - Cable 4 Front
On a right side row, work to the position of the cable panel and slip the next 2 stitches to the cable needle. Hold the stitches on the cable needle at the front of the work. Knit the next 2 stitches from left-hand needle.
Learn to Knit - Joining New Yarn
To prevent unsightly knots, join new yarn at the beginning of a row wherever possible. To make a perfect join at the end of a row, simply drop the old yarn, tie the new yarn around it and start the next row with the new yarn (see illustration). Untie the knot and securely weave in the yarn ends at finishing. If it is impossible to avoid joining new yarn in the middle of a row, try one of these methods.
Learn to Knit - Knitting with 4 Needles
Knitting with four double-point needles forms a seamless piece in areas that are too small for circular needles, such as socks and mittens. Double-point needles have points on both ends, allowing the stitches to slide off either end so that you can knit in the round.