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Learn to crochet

Here's just the help you need when trying to decipher crochet diagrams and written instructions, as well as detailed instructions for constructing of these topics have links to other relevant topics, too—so be sure to explore!

Also check out our crochet learn how book "Crochet Made Easy" and our beginner crochet kit "Learn Crochet".

Choose a technique:

  • How to Make a Slip Knot for Crochet

    A slip knot is usually the very first step to starting a crochet project. It creates a loop you can adjust the size of and put on the hook.

  • How to Hold the Yarn and Crochet Hook

    There are no hard and fast rules about the best way to hold the hook and yarn. Choose whichever way you find the most comfortable.

  • How to Crochet a Foundation Chain

    Almost all crochet begins with a foundation chain, which is a series of chain stitches beginning with a slip knot.

  • How to Yarn Over in Crochet

    Wrap the yarn from back to front over the hook (or hold the yarn still and maneuver the hook).

  • How to Crochet Chain Stitch

    The chain stitch is the first and most basic crochet stitch. It does not make fabric on its own, but must be paired with another stitch.

  • How to Single Crochet

    Single crochet is the most common basic crochet stitch that will result in fabric. It is abbreviated sc.

  • How to Half Double Crochet

    Half double crochet is in between the height of single crochet and double crochet, and it is made using aspects of both.

  • How to Double Crochet

    Double crochet is a very common crochet stitch. It is taller than single crochet and half-double crochet, and is abbreviated dc.

  • How to Treble Crochet

    A treble crochet (sometimes called triple crochet) is taller than a double crochet and is made by working two yarn overs at the start of the stitch, instead of one yarn over as for double crochet. It is abbreviated tr.

  • How to Slip Stitch Crochet

    This is the shortest of all crochet stitches. Unlike other stitches, slip stitches are not usually used on their own to produce a fabric.

  • How to Make Crochet Fabric

    To make a flat crocheted fabric worked in rows, you must begin with a starting chain.

  • How to Fasten Off Crochet

    To fasten off the yarn permanently, cut the yarn leaving an 8" end (longer if you need to sew pieces together). Pull the end of the yarn through the loop on the hook and pull gently to tighten.

  • How to Measure Crochet Gauge

    Gauge is the number of stitches and rows per inch (or centimeter) in a pattern. If the gauge does not match the gauge given in a pattern, the item you're making will not end up the correct size.

  • How to Read a Crochet Pattern

    In order to follow crochet instructions, you should know how to make the basic stitches and be familiar with basic procedures for making crochet fabric. You should also be familiar with the abbreviations for basic crochet stitches.

  • Understanding Crochet Abbreviations

    Listed below are standard abbreviations and symbols that you may find in crochet patterns on All standard abbreviations used in a particular pattern are also listed at the end of the pattern.

  • Crochet Pattern Repeats and Multiples

    Within a row and within a pattern you may repeat stitches several times. These are written in repeats to make the pattern easier to read. If you find it difficult to follow along a pattern written this way, you can always take another piece of paper and write out every repeat yourself.

  • How to Crochet in the Round

    Most motifs are not worked in rows but are worked in rounds from the center out.

  • How to Finish a Crochet Project

    Finishing methods for crochet depend largely on the end purpose of the crochet (pillow, afghan, garment) and the yarn you use to create the piece.

  • How to Weave in Ends in Crochet

    Weave in ends securely before blocking pieces or sewing seams. Securely woven ends will not come loose with wear or washing. It's best to work in ends as invisibly as possible.

  • How to Assemble Crochet Projects

    There are multiple ways to attach crocheted pieces together. You may need to attach pieces of a sweater, for example, or attach blocks together to make a throw.

  • How to Join New Yarn in Crochet

    When joining in new yarn or changing color, continue in the working yarn until two loops of the last stitch remain in the working yarn or color.

  • How to Do Crochet Increases

    To increase the width of a basic crochet fabric, 2 or more stitches have to be worked into 1 stitch at the point specified in the project instructions.

  • How to Do Crochet Decreases

    To decrease the width of a basic crocheted fabric, 2 or more stitches are worked together.

  • How to Crochet a Single Crochet Decrease

    A single crochet decrease combines two single crochet stitches into one stitch.

  • How to Crochet a Double Crochet Decrease

    A double crochet decrease combines two double crochet stitches into one stitch.

  • How to Crochet Longer Basic Stitches

    Double treble (dtr), triple treble (ttr) and quadruple treble (qte), etc., are made by wrapping the yarn over three, four or five times, etc. at the beginning and finishing as for a treble crochet.

  • How to Crochet Stitch Variations

    Most crochet stitch patterns, no matter how complex they seem, are made using combinations of basic stitches.

  • How to Crochet Shells

    Shells and groups consist of several complete stitches worked in to the same place. They can be worked as part of a stitch pattern or as a method of increasing.

  • Guide to Crochet Shell Stitch Variations with Patterns

    The shell stitch is a stitch pattern in crochet that can be worked in a variety of different ways. This crochet guide teaches you different variations of the shell stitch and shares patterns for practicing this fun design.

  • How to Crochet Clusters

    Any combination of stitches may be joined into a cluster by leaving the last loop of each stitch on the hook until they are worked off together at the end. Working stitches together in this way can also be a method of decreasing.

  • How to Crochet Bobbles

    When a cluster is worked into one stitch, it forms a bobble. Bobbles can be worked in double crochet, treble crochet, or longer stitches.

  • How to Crochet Popcorns

    Popcorns are groups of complete stitches usually worked into the space place, folded and closed at the top. They can be worked in half double crochet, double crochet, treble crochet, or longer stitches. An extra chain can be worked to close and secure the top of the popcorn.

  • How to Crochet Puff Stitches

    Any combination of stitches may be joined into a cluster by leaving the last loop of each stitch on the hook until they are worked off together at the end. Working stitches together in this way can also be a method of decreasing.

  • How to Crochet in Front or Back Loops

    The project instructions will specify if you are to work into the front or back loop of the stitch in the row below. Unless otherwise stated, always work under two strands of the top of the stitch in the row below.

  • How to Read Crochet Diagrams

    Diagrams are read exactly as the crochet is worked. Each stitch is represented by a symbol that has been drawn to resemble its crocheted equivalent. The position of the symbol shows where the stitch should be placed and worked.

  • How to Read Crochet Symbol Charts

    Crochet instructions may be written in text (with or without abbreviations), and/ or graphed or charted in symbols. Being able to read symbol charts expands your options for working with different types of crochet patterns. This guide explains how to read crochet charts.

  • Ultimate Guide to Crochet Post Stitches

    Crochet post stitches, where the stitch is worked around the post of the previous row instead of into the top of the stitch, are easy to learn and versatile to use. Post stitches can be used to make highly textured fabric, add unique decorative details and strengthen the functionality of various products such as hat brims. They are definitely a technique worth mastering.

  • Ultimate Guide to Basketweave Crochet

    The basketweave crochet stitch is a beautiful textured stitch that creates a woven fabric rich in density and beauty. It can be worked in any type of yarn although it looks especially beautiful in a classic worsted weight yarn such as Super Saver Yarn because of the structure of the stitch. This guide will teach you all about how to crochet basketweave stitch. including the most popular version of the stitch and a set of variations to play with.

  • Guide to Crochet Crossed Stitches for Cables and More

    Crossed stitches are created when you skip spaces, crochet a stitch and then crochet a stitch into the skipped stitches; you have crossed one stitch over another by working backwards into the skipped area. Crossed stitches are the foundation of creating crochet cables, and they can also be used as decorative textured stitches in their own right. This guide shows you how to crochet some of the most common crossed stitches.

  • No Hook Needed: How to Finger Crochet

    Finger crochet is a terrific form of crochet that many people seem hesitant to try. Don't be afraid - it's exactly the same as your regular crochet work except that you replace your crochet hook with your finger.

  • How to Crochet Classic DC V-Stitch

    V-stitch is a classic crochet stitch that is very easy to work. If you can crochet chains and double crochet stitches, then you can create scarves, blankets, and other items using this stitch.

  • How to Crochet an I-Cord

    You may have heard of an I-cord in knitting, a small tube knit in the round with just a few stitches, but did you know you can make one in crochet, too? These seamless tubes are great for making straps, drawstrings, ties, and decorative piping trim for your crochet projects.

  • Guide to Multi-Strand Crochet

    Double-stranded or multi-stranded crochet, where you hold two or more yarn strands together as you crochet, is a terrific technique to incorporate into your craft experience. Adapting to crocheting with multiple yarns is fairly simple but you can do a lot with it if you learn all of the tips and tricks for this niche. This guide provides that foundation.

  • Ultimate Guide to Chevron Crochet

    The chevron pattern is a bold graphic pattern that recurs again and again as a popular trend in fashion, home decor and even architecture. There are as many different ways to crochet chevrons as there are projects they are used on, but they all have a few things in common so once you learn the basics you'll be able to adapt that knowledge to making all varieties of chevron crochet patterns. This guide will give you that foundation.

  • Ultimate Beginner's Guide to the Crocodile Stitch

    The layered look of this crochet stitch has an appealing style that really makes a project stand out as unique.

  • Ultimate Beginner's Guide to Thread Crochet

    This beginner's guide to thread crochet will debunk common myths about thread crochet and give you tips and pattern suggestions as you get started.

  • Ultimate Beginner's Guide to Broomstick Lace Crochet

    Broomstick lace is a unique crochet stitch. The design is made by using a crochet hook to pull tall loops of thread up on to a dowel (historically, a broomstick, which is where the name comes from).

  • Ultimate Guide to Filet Crochet + Holiday Project Ideas

    Filet crochet allows you to make shapes and words by combinging blocks and spaces made of crochet stitches.

  • Ultimate Guide to Tapestry Crochet

    You work with several different colors across each row to create beautiful graphic designs, producing work that seems to be complex, but in the end it's not that hard at all.

  • Ultimate Beginner's Guide to Tunisian Crochet

    Tunisian crochet is a type of crochet that holds multiple loops on the hook in a style similar to what is done in knitting. It differs from knitting in that it uses a crochet hook, not knitting needles. The result is a fabric that is beautifully textured using a technique that combines the best of knitting and crochet.

  • Ultimate Guide to Join-As-You-Go Crochet

    Join-as-you-go crochet (also known as JAYGO) is important to add to your repertoire of crochet techniques if you love to make items from lots of small motifs but don't enjoy the end stage of the project when you have to join the motifs and weave in all of those ends. With JAYGO, the motifs are all joined along the way, and although there are some ends to weave in, you can handle a lot of them as you go so that the finishing stage of the project is only a small part of the process.

  • Guide To Yo-Yo Crochet

    The yo-yo is a new, trending crochet motif that has gained rapid popularity. Although there are several different designs for the crochet yo-yo, basically it's a small crochet circle made using just one or two rounds of stitches.

  • Ultimate Guide to Hairpin Lace Crochet

    Hairpin lace is a beautiful variation on crochet, in which you combine a standard crochet hook with a certain type of loom to create lacy, openwork designs. Once you've seen hairpin lace, you will always immediately recognize it, because it has a very unique appearance that never fails to catch the eye.

  • Ultimate Beginner’s Guide to Bead Crochet

    Bead crochet is a fairly easy technique to learn. Beads can add great detail to projects, making them pop with color and texture and sparkle with design. Bead crochet is especially great for jewelry and bridal crochet projects but can be used throughout your work. This guide teaches you the basics of bead crochet.

  • Ultimate Guide to Crochet Solomon's Knot

    The Solomon's Knot takes the basic features of simple crochet stitches and elevates them to create a unique design that is under-used in crochet patterns today. The stitch is a versatile openwork stitch that can range from extra-lacy to slightly open depending upon the height of your stitches.

  • Freeform Crochet Tips for Beginners

    Freeform crochet can be anything that you want it to be. While there aren't any "rules" for freeform crochet, there are some great starting points and tips for people who would like to express themselves in this way but who aren't sure where to begin. This guide will help you get started in the adventure of freeform crochet.

  • Ultimate Guide to Left-Handed Crochet

    In this guide, you'll learn the basic stitches in left-handed crochet, tips for learning more, information on finding left-handed pattern sources and guidance for adapting existing patterns to your left-handed crochet style. Are you a right-handed crocheter who wants to teach a leftie how to crochet? There's information on that in this guide, too!

  • Guide to Surface Crochet Embroidery

    Surface crochet is a technique for adding embroidery-style designs to your crochet work. There are a few different ways to work surface crochet, the most common of which is with the slip stitch. In this technique, you create a row of slip stitches on the surface of your crochet fabric by pulling loops through from the back of the fabric to the front in the shape of the pattern that you want to design on the front of the work.

  • How to Create an Ombre

    Ombre is a French word that refers to a single color in graduated tones. For example, a green ombre is several different tones of green layered next to each other from dark to light or light to dark.

  • A Quick Guide to Color Pooling

    Have you ever truly wanted to feel like a magician with your crochet hooks? Well now you can! Get ready to amaze your friends, and family when you play with variegated yarn to make zigzags and plaids.

  • These Six Crochet Techniques Will Take Your Skills Up a Notch

    In this post, I'll be sharing 6 crochet techniques you can learn or master to take your stitching to the next level, along with links to tutorials and patterns to inspire your creativity.

  • What is the Difference Between Balls and Skeins of Yarn?

    Have you ever tried to pull yarn from the center of a skein and had trouble? You may have been trying to pull from a ball -- and balls are not wound to be able to pull from the middle. Follow this handy guide to figure out if you have a ball or a skein, what the difference is, and how to find the end.

  • What do we mean by Yarn Weight?

    Everyone talks about yarn weight -- what does it mean? When we refer to yarn weight, we're not talking about the weight of the ball or skein. Instead, we're talking about how thick or thin yarn is.

  • How to Make a Tassel

    Tassels are a fun way to decorate the end of a scarf or the edge of a blanket, and they are easier to make than you think! Follow our step-by-step instructions and you'll have your own set in no time at all.

  • How to Make Pompoms

    It's easier than you think to make pompoms! Find out how in this article, complete with step-by-step pictures.

  • Personalize Your Patterns with Free Grid Paper

    We've got some great news for you -- free grid paper so you can personalize all your projects! Use the grid paper to plan out words and letters to add, or come up with your own shapes and designs.

  • Glossary of Knit and Crochet Terms

    Crochet and knitting can have some unfamiliar terms, as well as some words that are used differently from everyday speech. Take a look at our list to find definitions for words you're unsure of.

  • How to Teach Children to Crochet

    Teaching a child to crochet is a rewarding experience that can have lifelong benefits for the budding crafter. Many of us learned to crochet at a very young age, and although we might have dropped it for years at at time, the craft stuck around in our memories as something helpful. With benefits in both the short-term and long-term, it's a skill worth taking the time to teach children of almost any age.

  • Guide to Granny Crochet: Squares, Circles, Hearts, Stripes and More

    Learn how to adapt the granny square to make granny circles, triangles, pentagons, hexagons, rectangles, hearts, and rows.

  • How to Square a Crochet Circle

    There are so many inspiring crochet circle patterns out there. But what if you want to make a blanket or other item that has straight edges?

  • Methods for Seaming Crochet

    Seaming crochet simply means joining two or more pieces of crochet fabric together. Learn more.